在較大的 地圖上查看em02 the Monument in Hong Kong Park
什麼是社會化石過程?
What’s Social Fossilisation?

社會化石過程是由Elizabeth Shove及Mika Pantzar提出的文化理論,嘗試將自然化石過程(Natural Fossilisation)套用在文化產物之上,令文化研究者可透過社會化石進行文化考古,就像生物學家、地質學家可以自然化石作 為考古的證據一樣。

自然化石的形成,是生物屍體在長時間的強大壓力下,產生化學變化而成。身體的組織經石化,一般只留下主要結構,在於物質性的轉變。社會化石則沒有物質上的轉變,而主要受潮流 / 時代的轉變影響,和社會活動的關係 被切斷而成為社會化石。像俗語說,被打入冷宮、過氣,是環境的轉變,在於文化層面。

因此,社會化石在生命週期上和自然化石有不同。生物之死,命不能復再,自然化石完全受制於物質生命。但社會化石卻有重生的機會,文化生命有復活的可能。只要時代轉變,和社會活動的關係再接上即可。

但,社會化石仍然受制於它的物質生命,受制於物質定律之下,受自然侵蝕等作用影響。社會化石的文化生命有可能受物質生命的影響而終結,或令文化含意有所改變甚至消失。電影菲林發晦了,唱片花了,意義立即有變。

社會化石過程運用這幾個概念,將研究文化的空間擴大。而因為任何事物都有可能成為社會化石,任何尋常百姓的家都可以是博物館,展示著社會文化轉變的事實。

Social Fossilisation is an experimental cultural theory developed by Elizabeth Shove and Mike Pantzar. It is analogous to the theory of natural fossilization. It suggests including Social Fossils as one of the material evidence of cultural researches, in a hope to expand the spectrum of cultural researches and thus make cultural archeology possible.

Natural fossil is the result of natural fossilisation, in which natural substance is chemically transformed and its general physical structure persevered. Social Fossilisation does not involve chemical transformation. It’s when cultural substance is transplanted from out of its useful context and its cultural relevance terminated, social fossil is formed.

Social fossils are stagnate substances that grown out of relevance of current everyday significance, defeated and left behind by the society at the times. While natural fossils are dead and of no possibility of revival, social fossils could be a temporary phase and could revive when fashion turns and comes again their times. Due to cultural dependence of social fossils, it is unlike natural fossils, which can be materialistically defined by its chemical combination. Social fossil very much depends on a framing of reading.

錯誤社會化石過程計劃
The Social (mis)Fossilisation Project.diy

錯誤社會化石過程計劃嘗試拉闊時間軸,運用社會化石過程理論,以物質生命、文化生命等概念進行思考。哪一種社會化石(或未來的社會化石)具有長久的物質生命,而又能夠保持文化生命歷久不變?這種社會化石在現在 和未來又有什麼含意?

其中之中,是銅像。
散佈於地市內的各樣銅像因為製造材料的特性,能抵自然侵蝕,擁有長久的物質生命,極有可能成為未來考古的證物。

同時,銅像的文化含意並不穩定。
銅像的含意其實並未在日常生活中被解讀。或者說,平常生活的常識並未和銅像有交雜,銅像和日常生活脫節。

錯誤社會化石過程計劃希望令銅像這佔用重要公共空間的事物重新和平常生活搭上關係。這目標的難處,在於小小市民未能隨便於公共空間設置新銅像。而同時,現存的銅像亦受保護,不容外形上的改變。

但網上還存在這樣的空間。於是,錯誤社會化石過程計劃嘗試借用Google Maps的公信力,於網上設置與時代相關的紀念像,以示這小小的頑抗。

這次錯誤社會化石過程計劃,嘗試於虛擬空間另起爐灶,闖入社會化石過程(Social Fossilisation),撥亂反正,提出一座有別於以往銅像,指向過去、擁護男權、唯我獨尊的姿態;相反,重視即時反應、親和力、互動空間等 元素的社會文化標記。強調使用人人都可以參與的簡單方法,將真相放上Google Map,公開展示。文化角力的陣地轉移到網上,人人也可以為自己的文化作反應。

The very idea of em02: the Social (mis)Fossilization Project.diy is to encourage to think using material and cultural lifespan. Which social fossil with a material lifespan can protect its cultural significance from changing? What is its significance now and in the future?

Monument is one of them. Thanks to its material, monuments in our city will be resistant to natural erosion, and so will be standing where they’re for ages. Probably they’ll become one of the very important evidence of future archeology. We also found that even they’re occupying important public space, they’re usually lack of everyday significance.

The Social (mis)Fossilisation Project.diy is an attempt to restore monument with some cultural significance. We try to suggest a new kind of monuments that does not embrace, like ordinary monuments do, concepts of such as masculinity and authenticity, but instead calls attentions to the very present, direct reaction and openness to interactivity.

The simplest methods possible are employed to keep things accessible to as many people as possible. Evidence is uploaded to Google Map for open display. Battle fields of cultural politics relocate to the virtual world. You’ll see the monument online but its non-existence in material location.

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